Indian Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

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VOLUME 25 , ISSUE 1 ( March, 2014 ) > List of Articles


Effectiveness of the Home-based Habilitation Programme for Children with Cerebral Palsy

Maja Racic, Srebrenka Kusmuk, Vesna Krstovic-Spremo

Citation Information : Racic M, Kusmuk S, Krstovic-Spremo V. Effectiveness of the Home-based Habilitation Programme for Children with Cerebral Palsy. Indian J Phy Med Rehab 2014; 25 (1):6-12.

DOI: 10.5005/ijopmr-25-1-6

Published Online: 01-12-2011

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2014; The Author(s).



This study was undertaken with the aim to compare the effects of home-based habilitation programmes with the effects of hospital-based habilitation programme for children with cerebral palsy (CP) on motor performance and daily functioning.

Patients and methods

The study was conducted on a sample of 60 children with cerebral palsy. First group included 30 children, 5 to 12 years old, who had a continued physical home treatment and education in public/special school. The second group consisted of 30 children, from Banja Luka region, who continued inpatient habilitation programme and training. Habilitation outcomes were analysed by measuring muscle tone (using original Tardieu Scale), muscle strength, range of motion (ROM), gross motor functions (gross motor function measure-88) and the Barthel Index of activities of daily living (ADL).


The proportion of clinically significant change in gross motor functions, ADLs, ROM and muscle strength didn't show major differences between the two groups.


There were no significant differences in effectiveness between home-based and hospital-based habilitation programmes according to the treatment outcomes. The effectiveness of home-based programme increases when supplemented by frequent consultations with the rehabilitation team members and occasional out-patient physical therapy treatment, education as well as counselling and support for parents.

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