Article Details

2017 | April-June | Issue2
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Morbidity Profile of People Living in the Vicinity of Mobile Towers, Jaipur City Rajasthan, India
Juhi Mittal, Amita Kashyap, Priyanka Kapoor, Monika Rathore
10.5005/jp-journals-10036-1141

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In 2011, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified mobile phone radiation as group 2B (possibly carcinogenic). Studies showed association with ailments like drying of the skin and fluid in the eyes, sleep disorder, lack of concentration/memory loss, tumors/cancers. Yet another study showed no significant association. According to data from the International Telecommunication Union, there are over 800 million mobile phone subscribers in India. The approximate estimate of cell towers in Jaipur city is 5,678. Hence, this study was done with the objective to find out morbidity profile of people living in the vicinity of mobile towers in Jaipur; secondary objective was to compare morbidity profile among people exposed to low vs high to moderate (HTM) level of mobile radiation.

Materials and methods: Observational cross-sectional analytical study was planned in four areas of Jaipur city having mobile tower for >10 years: Jawahar Nagar, Sanganer, Vidyadhar Nagar, and Vaishali Nagar. “Detex 189” was used to assess the radiation level, and SF-36 questionnaire was used to assess physical and mental morbidity.

Sample size: The sample size was 720 people, assuming 10% prevalence of radiation-related mental morbidity among people living in the vicinity of mobile tower, at 95% confidence interval with 2.5% absolute allowable error and keeping nonresponse as 25%, which will cover all morbidities.

Results and conclusion: Except for sleep disturbances (p-value = 0.002), there was no significant difference in presenting common health problems and diseases as per level of radiation. Status of physical functioning, bodily pain, vitality, mental health, overall physical component score, and mental component score was found to be significantly low among the people who are exposed to HTM level of radiation (with p-value = 0.000, <0.001, <0.001, < 0.001, 0.028, 0.002 respectively), but it did not limit their day-to-day work performance (p = 0.848), social functioning (0.420), and feeling of general health (p = 0.176). Since people in HTM radiation were significantly older (p = 0.002), these differences need further verification.

Keywords: Mobile tower, Morbidity, Radiation.

How to cite this article: Mittal J, Kashyap A, Kapoor P, Rathore M. Morbidity Profile of People Living in the Vicinity of Mobile Towers, Jaipur City, Rajasthan, India. MGM J Med Sci 2017;4(2):60-64.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

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