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MGM Journal of Medical Sciences

Article Details

2014 | October-December | Issue4
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Assessment of Impact of Environmental Causative Factors on Severity of Asthma in Children
Sharad Karki, Rajesh Kumar Suman, Ipseeta Ray Mohanty, NC Mohanty, YA Deshmukh
Author Affiliation
Sharad Karki : MGM Medical College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Rajesh Kumar Suman : MGM Medical College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Ipseeta Ray Mohanty : MGM Medical College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

NC Mohanty : MGM Medical College and Hospital Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

YA Deshmukh : MGM Medical College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

10.5005/jp-journals-10036-1028

ABSTRACT

Objective: The present study evaluated the association between environmental factors and severity of asthma in children.

Materials and methods: Questionnaires were specifically designed factoring patients’ demographical profile, socioeconomic status, causative environmental factors and severity of asthma.

Results: A total of 100 patients were interviewed who visited our pediatric department complaining of asthma symptoms. Maximum children were of the age group between 6 and 10 years (29%). The ratio of male (64%) was more than female (36%). Maximum patients belong to middle class family (33%) and lower middle class (29%). Among children cold/respiratory illness (87%) followed by exercise and sports (70%) was the most common environmental trigger for asthma. Asthma symptoms worsened during day time and winter season in this group.

Conclusion: A significant positive association between environmental asthma triggers: smoke (p = 0.035), strong smell (p = 0.008), cold/respiratory illness (p = 0.035), hot/cold air (p = 0.03) and severity of asthma in children was observed. Winter season worsened the asthma symptoms (p = 0.047) in children.

Keywords: Socioeconomic status, Bronchial asthma, Environmental factor, Severity of asthma.

Area of research: Public health research and pharmacology.

How to cite this article: Karki S, Suman RK, Mohanty IR, Mohanty NC, Deshmukh YA. Assessment of Impact of Environmental Causative Factors on Severity of Asthma in Children. MGM J Med Sci 2014;1(4):151-155.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

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