Article Details

2014 | July-September | Issue3
REVIEW ARTICLE
Regulation of Growth and Function of Lifeline Placenta
A Jagannadha Rao
Author Affiliation
A Jagannadha Rao : Indian Institute of Science Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

10.5005/jp-journals-10036-1025

ABSTRACT

Placenta is an association of fetal and maternal tissues which develops during pregnancy. Placenta is often called lifeline, because it is the link between mother and growing fetus. It serves variety of functions, which include transport of nutrients to growing fetus, waste products from fetus, exchange of gases and also immunological protection to the fetus. It has a unique ability to function as a hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal-axis as it can produce a variety of peptide, protein and steroid hormones. Thus, it is an autonomous unit capable of regulating its own growth and function.

Keywords: Placenta, Cytotrophoblast, Syncytiotrophoblast, hCG, Differentiation, Telomerase.

How to cite this article: Rao AJ. Regulation of Growth and Function of Lifeline Placenta. MGM J Med Sci 2014;1(3):139-142.

Source of support: INSA fellowship

Conflict of interest: None

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