Article Details

2017 | October-December | Issue4
Cross-sectional Study of Health Status of Auto Rickshaw Drivers in Vashi, Navi Mumbai, India
Virendra J Mahadik, Prasad Waingankar, Seema Anjenaya, Sunila Sanjeev, Kiran Mali


Introduction: It is observed that auto rickshaw drivers are prone to musculoskeletal, respiratory, and gastrointestinal disorders and also to injuries and substance abuse.

Objective: To study the health status, disease profile, and substance abuse among auto rickshaw drivers in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Materials and methods: Participants in this cross-sectional observational study were drivers plying rickshaws registered at Regional Transport Office (RTO), Vashi, Navi Mumbai, India. Considering 1,500 registered auto rickshaws, a 10% random sample was planned. Questionnaire was designed to collect data by trained doctors including sociodemographic factors, occupational details, perceived stress scale, Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMSQ), addiction details, current symptoms, and significant history of past illness as well as general and systemic examination findings. Bone mass density (BMD) testing and random blood glucose levels were done. Data were analyzed using Microsoft Excel and Epi Info.

Results: Totally, 159 drivers participated. Majority [82 (51.6%)] belonged to socioeconomic class III, 37 (23.3%) to class IV, while 40 (25.1%) to class II. Among those, 54 (33.9%) drivers were in the profession for 10 to 19 years, while 36 (22.7%) were driving for 20 years or more. Only 19 (11.9%) drivers were asymptomatic, while 140 (88.1%) had one or more complaints. The commonest complaint was musculoskeletal pain in 95 (59.9%) of the study participants. Generalized fatigue, acidity, and headache were other common complaints. Ninety seven (61.1%) drivers had osteopenia. This had significant association with age and the number of years in profession. Substance abuse was found in 95 (59.7%) of the study participants.

Conclusion: Auto rickshaw drivers are very susceptible to health-related problems and there is need for monitoring on an ongoing basis and institutionalization of measures to prevent it.

Keywords: Addiction, Morbidity, Occupational health, Osteopenia, Rickshaw driver.

How to cite this article: Mahadik VJ, Waingankar P, Anjenaya S, Sanjeev S, Mali K. Cross-sectional Study of Health Status of Auto Rickshaw Drivers in Vashi, Navi Mumbai, India. MGM J Med Sci 2017;4(4):164-170.

Source of support: MGMIHS

Conflict of interest: None

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