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Access Statistics 2017 | July-June | Issue 1


Review Article
Daniel J Blizzard MD, Perez Agaba BS, Michael P Morwood MD, Jennifer L Jerele MD, Robert D Zura MD

Risks and Benefits of the Different Types of Gloves used in the Perioperative Setting

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:3-10]


The role of powder gloves in allergic reactions, infections, wound healing and granuloma formation has been known for many years. Despite a gradual shift away from powder gloves over the last several decades, many healthcare professionals and facilities continue to use powder gloves as the FDA has continued to refrain from issuing a comprehensive formal ban. However, recent advancements in glove technology and position statements by professional societies have continued the push for removal of powder gloves from all clinical and surgical settings and will hopefully entirely eradicate usage in the coming years.

Keywords: Glove, Infection, Operating room, Surgical glove.

Blizzard DJ, Agaba P, Morwood MP, Jerele JL, Zura RD. Risks and Benefits of the different Types of Gloves used in the Perioperative Setting. The Duke Orthop J 2017;7(1):3-10.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


Retrospective Comparative Study
Julie A Neumann MD, Kathleen D Rickert MD, Kendall E Bradley MD, Brian D Lewis MD, Monet A France MD, Steven A Olson MD

Concomitant Hip Arthroscopy and Periacetabular Osteotomy: Is there a Difference in Perioperative Complications compared with Periacetabular Osteotomy Alone?

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:51-57]


Purpose: To evaluate the safety of hip arthroscopy combined with a periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) compared with PAO alone in treating concomitant intra-articular pathology in hip dysplasia.

Materials and methods: Forty-one patients (46 hips) with symptomatic hip dysplasia were retrospectively reviewed. Pre- and postoperative radiographic data and intraoperative data consisting of estimated blood loss, intraoperative and postoperative blood transfusions, operative time, and length of hospital stay were recorded. The complications occurring within the first 3 months after surgery including lateral femoral cutaneous and pudendal nerve neuropraxia, wound complications, and reoperations were recorded. Additionally, rates of deep venous thrombosis and other major adverse outcomes (myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, stroke, death) were examined.

Results: Twenty-one patients (24 hips) underwent PAO alone. Twenty patients (22 hips) underwent hip arthroscopy followed immediately by PAO. There were no significant differences in the 90-day complication rates between the two groups, comparing the rate of neuropraxia (p = 0.155) and wound complications (p = 0.6). Operative time for PAO alone was 179 minutes (standard deviation [SD] ± 37) compared with 251 minutes (SD ± 52) for combined hip arthroscopy and PAO (p < 0.001). No incidence of deep vein thrombosis or major adverse events was noted in either group. Preoperative lateral center edge angle (LCEA) and acetabular index (AI) were 14° and 20° respectively, in the PAO-alone group and 19° and 16° respectively, in the combined group. Postoperatively, LCEA was 29° in the PAOalone group and 30° in the combined group. Postoperative AI was 11° in the PAO-alone group and 5° in the combined group.

Conclusion: This study demonstrates that hip arthroscopy in combination with PAO to treat intra-articular pathology shows no difference in 90-day complication rates when compared with PAO alone.

Level of evidence: Level III, retrospective comparative study Keywords:

Neumann JA, Rickert KD, Bradley KE, Lewis BD, France MA, Olson SA. Concomitant Hip Arthroscopy and Periacetabular Osteotomy: Is there a Difference in Perioperative Complications compared with Periacetabular Osteotomy Alone? The Duke Orthop J 2017;7(1):51-57.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


Expert Diagnostic Study
Brian T Nickel MD, Marc J Richard MD, Ilvy Cotterell MD, Megan Crosmer MD, David S Ruch MD, Fraser J Leversedge MD

Ultrasound-guided Cubital Tunnel Injection: Description of Technique and Accuracy in a Cadaver Model

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:43-45]


Introduction: Ulnar nerve (UN) and cubital tunnel morphology is influenced by elbow positioning, potentially compromising injection accuracy and placing the nerve at risk during cubital tunnel injection.

Materials and methods: Based on previous anatomical studies of the cubital tunnel, a proof of concept injection model was developed. Eighteen above-elbow cadaver specimens were positioned in 45° elbow flexion and in neutral forearm rotation. The ultrasound transducer was oriented in the transverse plane, in-line with the medial epicondyle and olecranon tip, facilitating visualization of the UN and cubital tunnel. A 25-gauge needle oriented parallel to the ulna was inserted percutaneously at the midpoint between olecranon and epicondyle. The needle was advanced under ultrasound guidance to replicate injection and was secured. Open dissection confirmed its location.

Results: 18/18 needle tips were within the cubital tunnel and no needles penetrated the UN.

Discussion: Ultrasound-guided cubital tunnel injection, with the elbow in 45° flexion and with neutral forearm rotation was a safe and reliable technique in this cadaveric model. Future clinical studies may evaluate the efficacy of both diagnostic and therapeutic cubital tunnel injection.

Keywords: Cubital tunnel, Injection, Sonography, Ulnar nerve, Ultrasound.

Nickel BT, Richard MJ, Cotterell I, Crosmer M, Ruch DS, Leversedge FJ. Ultrasound-guided Cubital Tunnel Injection: Description of Technique and Accuracy in a Cadaver Model. The Duke Orthop J 2017;7(1):43-45.

Source of support: The authors received a restricted research grant from Bioventus to support the costs of this study. No personal benefits or financial awards were received by any of the authors related to this study. The senior author has received consulting fees from Bioventus.

Conflict of interest: None


Review Article
Rita Baumgartner MD, Saam Morshed MD, PhD, MPH

Assessment Measures for Evaluation of Outcomes in Transtibial Amputees resulting from Trauma: A Systematic Review

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:23-29]


Introduction: Amputations secondary to high-energy open fractures and blast, ballistic, and crush injuries to the lower extremity are common challenges faced by military and civilian orthopaedic surgeons. A lack of consensus on domains to be measured and quality of prosthetic rendering pose methodological challenges to researchers and clinicians alike. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to summarize which domains of health, prosthetic fit, and prosthetic alignment are used to describe outcomes for lower extremity amputees secondary to trauma.

Materials and methods: A search of PubMed, Cochrane, and Embase was conducted including the keywords: Amputation, traumatic, transtibial, survey, and metric. Articles were selected based on whether the study assessed clinical outcomes following transtibial amputation following trauma. Experimental and observational comparative studies and case series were included. Study characteristics and results were extracted using standardized data forms. The number of unique measures recorded, the frequency of measure use, and the number outcome measures were validated and were compiled.

Results: Literature search ultimately resulted in 273 articles being included. A conceptual model was constructed to capture and organize the causal and temporal relationships between fit, alignment, and outcome. Of the 68 articles that used questionnaires to assess prosthetic fit, 37 used a questionnaire designed specifically for the study as opposed to a published or validated tool. Four validated tools were commonly used to capture patient satisfaction with a prosthesis: The OPUS, PEQ, TAPES, and the Socket Comfort Fit Score. Prosthetic alignment was assessed in 19 of 273 articles. One article validated the use of an alignment jig for quantification and prescription of prostheses. Totally, 8 of 19 articles assessing alignment used gait analysis and ground reaction forces to capture differences due to alterations in alignment.

Discussion: Choice of an appropriate outcome measure is critical in generating evidence to support treatment decisions for patients undergoing transtibial amputation after trauma. We found a large number of different tools being used across studies, making results difficult to compare. Prosthetic fit and comfort of the residual limb in the socket and the alignment of the socket and the shank of the prosthesis make up the foundation for the proposed conceptual model. In order to distinguish effects attributable to an intervention of interest vs the impact of the quality of the socket fitting, validation of a clinically objective scoring system to assess socket fit is necessary.

Conclusion: A large number of different tools are currently being used across studies to assess outcomes for transtibial amputees resulting from trauma, and there is a need for development and validation of a clinically objective scoring system to assess socket fit.

Keywords: Assessment tool, Transtibial amputation, Traumatic.

Baumgartner R, Morshed S. Assessment Measures for Evaluation of Outcomes in Transtibial Amputees resulting from Trauma: A Systematic Review. The Duke Orthop J 2017;7(1):23-29.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


Case Report
Rita E Baumgartner MD, Matthew D Jones MD, Sharon L Hame MD, David R McAllister MD

Preoperative Deep Vein Thrombosis following Acute Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear: Report of Three Cases

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:30-33]


Case report: We report 3 cases of preoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT) following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in a 20-year-old female volleyball player (C1), a 22-year-old female snowboarder (C2), and a 36-year-old male recreational basketball player (C3). In all three cases, the patients presented with hypersensitivity in the injured knee and guarded significantly on physical examination. The patients were all placed on anticoagulation prior to operative intervention. C1 underwent repair 45 days after her injury and C2 delayed repair until completion of a 6 month course of warfarin. C3 did not undergo repair of the ACL; he developed significant stiffness and had diagnostic arthroscopy with lysis of adhesions and synovectomy 5 months following his injury.

Conclusion: Data is limited regarding the risk of DVT after nonmajor orthopaedic injury, such as ACL injury. Recognition and immediate treatment of the DVT is essential in minimizing the risk of additional complications. Duration of anticoagulation and delay in surgical intervention should be determined based on individual patient goals and risk factors.

Keywords: Anterior cruciate ligament, Deep venous thrombosis, Preoperative.

Baumgartner RE, Jones MD, Hame SL, McAllister DR. Preoperative Deep Vein Thrombosis following Acute Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear: Report of Three Cases. The Duke Orthop J 2017;7(1):30-33. .

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


Case Report
Kwadwo A Owusu-Akyaw MD, Jonathan Godin MD, Stefano Pecchia MD, Alexander Oldweiler BS, Claude T Moorman MD

Adipose-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Arthroscopic Surgery

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:34-38]


Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells with potential reparative properties for connective tissues, such as articular cartilage. The Lipogems adipose graft harvest system is a relatively novel technique for harvesting adiposederived MSCs and may be utilized in conjunction with various orthopaedic sports medicine procedures.

Keywords: Arthroscopy, Orthopaedic surgery, Stem cell.

Owusu-Akyaw KA, Godin J, Pecchia S, Oldweiler A, Moorman CT. Adipose-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Arthroscopic Surgery. The Duke Orthop J 2017;7(1):34-38.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


Review Article
Richard J Nasca MD

Highlights in Spine Care during the Last One Hundred Years

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:14-22]


The article reviews milestones in spine care that have occurred in the past 100 years. The various conditions and diagnoses we commonly treat today were poorly understood and there were few reliable treatments available in the first half of the twentieth century. Various diagnostic and imaging techniques have evolved as well as nonoperative and operative modalities to treat deformity, degenerative, and traumatic spine conditions. The reader should gain an understanding and appreciation of how interrelated the early concepts of management and treatment relate to the procedures and technology we take for granted today.

Keywords: Historical Milestones, Spine Care, Spine Surgery.

Nasca RJ. Highlights in Spine Care during the Last One Hundred Years. The Duke Orthop J 2017;7(1):14-22. .

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


Clinical Research
Andrew P Matson MD, Cynthia L Green PhD, Shepard R Hurwitz MD, Robert D Zura MD

Stability of Ankle Fracture–dislocations following Successful Closed Reduction

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:58-63]


Introduction: Following successful closed reduction, the ideal timing of operative fixation for ankle fracture.dislocations is not well understood. We sought to describe the rate at which initial reduction is lost between the Emergency Department (ED) and clinic visits, and to identify factors associated with loss of reduction.

Materials and methods: We identified 30 patients with isolated, closed ankle fracture.dislocations that were successfully reduced and splinted in the ED prior to operative intervention. The maintenance of reduction at follow-up clinic visit was defined as a success, and loss of reduction was defined as a failure.

Results: There were 17 (57%) successes and 13 (43%) failures. When the ratio of posterior malleolus (PM) fracture fragment size to complete articular surface was >0.1, rate of failure was 65% compared with 18% when the ratio was .0.1 (p = 0.016).

Conclusion: Ankle fracture.dislocations with a larger PM fracture fragment size may warrant consideration of earlier operative intervention. Level of evidence: IV, Case Series.

Keywords: Ankle fracture.dislocation, Fracture management, Radiographic assessment, Reduction, Stability.

Matson AP, Green CL, Hurwitz SR, Zura RD. Stability of Ankle Fracture.dislocations following Successful Closed Reduction. The Duke Orthop J 2017;7(1):58-63.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


Review Article
Steven A Olson MD, Maria Manson ST

Logistics of Clinical Research in the Age of Electronic Medical Records

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:11-13]


The increasing adoption of electronic medical record (EMR) systems has added complexity to performing clinical research in today’s care environment. Each of the contributions from Duke University within this journal has interfaced with the systems for performing clinical research described in this study. While the increased use of EMRs has aided many aspects of clinical care, the logistics of doing the work of clinical research is seldom discussed. In this review, we briefly outline current practices regarding clinical research as they relate to interface with the EMR.


Olson SA, Manson M. Logistics of Clinical Research in the Age of Electronic Medical Records. The Duke Orthop J 2017;7(1):11-13.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


Case Report
Daniel J Scott MD, MBA, Jason M Jennings MD, DPT, Michael P Bolognesi MD

Novel Use of a Trabecular Metal Augment in a Severe Acetabular Defect

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:39-42]


Many total hip arthroplasties are complicated by severe acetabular bone loss, limiting reconstruction options. This case report details the use of a 54-mm trabecular metal straight buttress and press-fit jumbo cup to reconstruct an especially large superior and medial defect (Paprosky type IIIB). Specifically, the large defect was reconstructed by placing the augment superior-medially in the acetabular defect instead of simply superiorly and attached to the iliac wing as it is more commonly employed. To our knowledge, there has been no reported use of a similar augment to fill such a defect in this way. This technique represents a promising potential option for reconstruction of especially large superior and medial acetabular defects

Keywords: Acetabular bone loss, Arthroplasty revision, Total hip arthroplasty, Total hip arthoplasty revision.

Scott DJ, Jennings JM, Bolognesi MP. Novel Use of a Trabecular Metal Augment in a Severe Acetabular Defect. The Duke Orthop J 2017;7(1):39-42.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


Prospective Descriptive Study
Blake R Boggess DO, Harry Stafford MD, Claude T Moorman III MD, David J Berkoff MD

Infrared Thermography is not a Valid Method to Track Changes in Core Temperature in Exercising Athletes

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:46-50]


Purpose: Field measurement of core temperature typically requires rectal or other invasive, expensive core temperature methods. Infrared (IR) thermography uses a handheld camera to measure surface temperature at discrete locations. We attempted to validate IR thermography against coretemperature capsules for the tracking of core-temperature changes at rest, during exercise, and recovery.

Hypothesis: Infrared thermography is a noninvasive method to follow changes in core temperature during exercise.

Materials and methods: Twelve athletes swallowed an ingestible core-temperature (CorTemp) capsule 1-hour prior to exercise. Athletes refrained from drinking for 2 hours prior to or during the study. Temperatures were obtained using both the CorTemp capsule and IR thermography at 10-minute intervals for 30 minutes before exercise, during 30 minutes of moderate intensity aerobic exercise, and for 30 minutes of recovery. The temperatures were then averaged for each segment of data collection.

Study design: Prospective descriptive study.

Results: Infrared thermography results (rest = 34.7°C C 0.49, exercise = 34.1°C ± 0.77, recovery = 34.6°C ± 0.46) were significantly lower than with the CorTemp capsules (rest = 37°C ± 0.55, exercise = 38.6°C ± 0.47, recovery = 37.7°C ± 0.47) throughout the data collection period. There were no significant correlations between the two measurement methods (rest = 0.22, exercise = 0.07, recovery = 0.59; all p > 0.05). Conclusion: Infrared thermography is not a valid method to track core-temperature changes during exercise. In addition to IR thermography readings being consistently lower, temperature changes before, during, and after exercise showed wide and inconsistent variability.

Keywords: Core temperature, Heat illness, Infrared, Measurement, Thermography, Thermoregulation.

Boggess BR, Stafford H, Moorman CT III, Berkoff DJ. Infrared Thermography: Not a Valid Method to Track Changes in Core Temperature in Exercising Athletes. The Duke Orthop J 2017;7(1):46-50.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


Review Article
Nathan L Grimm MD, David M Tainter MD

Role of the Clinical Research Coordinator in Orthopaedic Research: Making Research Less Onerous

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:1-2]


Conducting clinical research can be challenging. The challenges are derived from not only the logistical difficulties of proper scientific conduct but also the many regulatory bodies that are in place to safeguard against harm in subjects involved in clinical research. With the advent of the role of the Clinical Research Coordinator (CRC) these challenges have improved. However, many don’t understand the exact role of the CRC.

Keywords: Clinical research, Onerous, Recruitment.

Grimm NL, Tainter DM. Role of the Clinical Research Coordinator in Orthopaedic Research: Making Research Less Onerous. The Duke Orthop J 2017;7(1):1-2.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


Chief Resident Profiles

Chief Autobiographies (2017)

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:]


I was born in Detroit, MI, into a military family that relocated several times in my first three years of life before ultimately settling just outside of Spokane, WA, in the booming metropolis of Liberty Lake, WA. My father was a family physician in the Air Force and continues to practice after retiring from the military. My mother is a pharmacist, turned businesswoman, turned pharmacist again, and most recently turned nanny (and soon back to pharmacist). My parents modeled the hard work and perseverance that they expected of my sister and me and instilled the importance of achieving in whatever we set our minds upon.


Andrew E Federer MD

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery/Orthopaedic Research Society Annual Meetings Update

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:xxiv-xxxix]


This was another exciting year for Duke Orthopaedic as our department gave a record number of presentations at both the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery (AAOS) and the Orthopaedic Research Society (ORS) annual meetings in San Diego, California. A number of residents and faculty made the voyage to California and met up with dozens of Piedmont members from across the country.


Andrew E Federer MD

Resident Awards

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:xvi]


The chief resident class annually selects a third-year resident who they feel best exemplifies the qualities embodied by William Ogden, Jr. In June 2016, Edward “Grant” Sutter was awarded this special honor. Grant began his higher education at Johns Hopkins University where he played varsity baseball for the Blue Jays. He continued his education at Duke Medical School where he excelled as he continued his journey to his Duke Orthopaedic residency.


Matthew D Crawford MD, Andrew P Matson MD, Dean C Taylor MD

Feagin Leadership Program Update 2016–2017

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:xix-xx]


The 7th Annual Feagin Leadership Forum from May 20 to 21, 2016, focused on “The Resilient Leader.” With keynote speakers and outstanding leaders providing lessons from the military, medicine, business, and athletics, the forum offered scholars and attendees a more diverse and deeper understanding of resiliency


Julia Visgauss MD

Piedmont Orthopaedic Society Annual Meeting Update (2016)

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:xxi]


The 64th Annual Piedmont Orthopaedic Society meeting was held at The Sanctuary, Kiawah Island, South Carolina, from May 11 to 14, 2016. Hosted by cochairmen Frank and Karen Aluisio and Greg and Mary Mac Motley, superb efforts provided an engaging scientific meeting with a variety of social events at the beautiful resort venue. With 94 members and their guests, the total 242 in attendance made this year’s meeting the largest in Piedmont history!


Nathan L Grimm MD, Andrew E Federer MD, Beau J Kildow MD,

Letter from the Editors

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:xi]


This marks the 7th edition of The Duke Orthopaedic Journal (DOJ). We would first like to thank the past editorial boards and journal founders, Selene Parekh, Will Eward, and Stephanie Mayer, who have brought the journal from infancy into a part of Duke Orthpaedic tradition. We were overwhelmed and appreciative of the many high-quality submissions we received for potential publication in this year’s DOJ. This year marks the first year we have opened article submissions outside of the department of Duke Orthopaedics and the Piedmont Society. This is just one example of how much this journal has matured over the past 6 years.


Matthew A Tao MD

Better Education through Sports: An Ode to the Rock

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:xiv-xv]


“Education is not the filling of a pail but the lighting of fire.” Although not technically a Hardakerism, WB Yeats portrayed a similar sentiment when describing the potential impact education can have on an individual. Indeed, many of those reading this journal will remember Bill Hardaker as a man with a passionate love for orthopaedics, people, and education.


Benjamin Alman MD

Why Change: The Evolution of Duke Orthopaedics?

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:xiii]


Why change? This question comes up every time we consider a change in our department. Imagine what our department would be like without change. Fifty years ago, in 1967, J. Leonard Goldner became chief of our Division. Let’s imagine what he would think if he time-traveled ahead 50 years to 2017. Duke of today would look to him like science fiction. Care is very different than it was in 1967.


Amanda Fantry MD

Journey of an Orthopaedic Resident in India: 8th Annual Parekh Indo-US Foot and Ankle Conference

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:xxx-xxxi]


It was the cacophony that first struck me. I claimed my baggage and passed through the sliding double doors of the airport into an immediate barrage of noise. Despite my initial hope that the Indian paparazzi had recognized my long overdue American stardom, I quickly realized that the encircling mob of people approaching me and yelling “TAXI” were simply trying to garner my business. Upon identifying my actual transportation, I was whisked through the madness and to the car, which thankfully involved crossing only one crosswalk. However, the term “crosswalk” should be used lightly, as it was meaningless to oncoming traffic and more akin to playing Frogger.


Nathan L Grimm

Faculty Teaching Award

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:xvii-xviii]


Every year the graduating class of Chief Residents has the opportunity to reflect on the faculty that has most effected their training and whom they believe should be recognized for their outstanding teaching abilities. The 2016 graduating class of chief residents chose Dr Will Eward as the recipient of the annual Faculty Teaching Award


Andrew E Federer MD

North Carolina Orthopaedic Association Annual Meeting

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:xxii-xxiii]


For the second straight year, torrential downpour hit the North Carolina Orthopaedic Association (NCOA) annual meeting but was unable to deter a fantastic collection of presentations. The annual meeting was held from October 7 to 9, 2016, at the Village of Pinehurst, NC, at the historical four-star golf destination of the Pinehurst Resort. The meeting attracted 85 orthopaedic surgeons and their families for a weekend of continued medical education, networking, and collegiality.


Rhett K Hallows MD

Letter from the Faculty Advisor

[Year:2017] [Month:July-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:xii]


It gives me great pleasure at this time to present to you the seventh issue of the Duke Orthopaedic Journal. Since taking over last year, Duke Orthopaedic Surgery continues to grow and flourish with significant growth into the Triangle area. Also, through the leadership of Dr Alman, Duke Orthopaedic residency has transitioned to a competency-based learning program after several years of preparation. The goals of the new competency-based educational curriculum include ensuring the mastery of general orthopaedic core competencies and providing opportunities for advanced training through a selective curriculum tailored to individual interests during the final two years of residency. Duke is the first residency program to begin such a program, once again on the cutting edge of education.