Objectives: To describe central venous catheter (CVC) colonizations and catheter-related bloodstream infections (C-RBSIs) among patients admitted in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of a tertiary care teaching hospital.

Materials and methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among critically ill patients admitted in ICU. The semi-quantitative method was used for catheter tip culture. The definitions of catheter infection and colonization were based on the Centre for Disease Control Blood Stream Infection Guidelines.

Results: The study population comprised 75 ICU patients whose CVCs had been placed. The incidence of CVC-related colonizations and bloodstream infections was observed to be 42.7% (32/75) and 17.3% (13/75) respectively. Coagulase-negative staph was the most common organism found causing CVC colonization (50%) and C-RBSI (61.5%).

Conclusion: Coagulase-negative staphylococci are the most frequent microorganisms which colonize the CVC. The findings of this study may help with implementation of educational and training programs on central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) for health care personnel and enable better management of these devices with regard to the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of CLABSIs.

Keywords: Bloodstream infections, Central venous catheter colonizations, Intensive care unit.

How to cite this article: Singh MK, Mallan D, Tripathi SS, Yadav RR, Avasthi S. A Study of Central Venous Catheter Colonizations and Catheter-related Bloodstream Infections among Patients admitted in the Intensive Care Unit of a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital. MGM J Med Sci 2016;3(2):77-80.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None