Coronary heart disease is more prevalent in Indian urban populations and there is a clear declining gradient in its prevalence from semi-urban to rural populations. Epidemiological studies show a sizeable burden of coronary heart disease in adult rural (3-5%) and urban (7-10%) populations. Thus, of the 30 million patients with coronary heart disease in India, there would be 14 million who are in urban and 16 million in rural areas. In India, about 50% of coronary heart disease-related deaths occur in people younger than 70 years compared with only 22% in the West. Extrapolation of these numbers estimates the burden of coronary heart disease in India to be more than 32 million patients. In India, there are large spectrums of patients who present at tertiary stage when first examined. These patients are left with very little margin of safety. Heart disease is one of the commonest causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is a frequently used cardiothoracic revascularization to treat coronary artery disease (CAD).
In addition to physical impairments and activity restrictions in the immediate postoperative period, patients encounter some obstacles to exhibit improvements in quality of life in the long run. Cardiac tertiary prevention programs generally consist of the prevention of disease progression and patient suffering. Aim of these interventions is to reduce the negative impact of disease by restoring function and reducing disease-related complications and therefore, include the rehabilitation of disabling conditions. Cardiac rehabilitation programs are interventions aimed to reduce mortality and morbidity of patients with ischemic heart diseases through promoting a healthier lifestyle among patients. These programs are used to restore, maintain, or improve both physiologic and psychosocial outcomes and finally the quality of life in patients through a combination of exercise, education and psychological support.

Keywords: Cardiac surgery, Cardiac tertiary prevention programs, Coronary artery bypass grafting, Coronary heart disease.

How to cite this article: Patel AP, Karbhase JN, Srivastava RK, Kadam SS, Kaul SK, Langote M. Tertiary Prevention of Ischemic Heart Disease: Post Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery. MGM J Med Sci 2015;2(4):192-197.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None