Perspectives on Medical Education in India

India, the land that Mark Twain called The Cradle of Human Race has also given the world its four major religions; Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism. The same land gave the world its first university in Takshila (700 BC); and the oldest written texts on our planet-the Vedas. India also developed the knowledge of health and diseases and gave the world, Ayurveda, the first School of Medicine. Susruta (800-600 BC), the father of plastic surgery not only healed the sick but trained others in the art of practicing medicine as the present day interns and residents. The original Susruta Samhita described the importance of hygiene, and areas of medicine that include midwifery, ophthalmology (removal of cataracts), toxicology, amputation and use of anesthesia, dental extractions, and psychosomatic ailments. The latter conditions are now a significant part of conversation regarding a number of clinical conditions including depression. Thus, medical education in India is solid and deep-rooted, and Indian medical expertise are respected and sought world-wide. Nearly 30% of doctors in the United States are of Indian origin; many educated and trained in India.