Choroiditis may present as focal or multifocal lesions, and could
be due to infectious or noninfectious etiology. Focal choroidal
lesions are commonly caused by toxoplasma infection,
tuberculosis, sarcoidosis or serpiginous choroiditis. Multifocal
choroiditis can be due to infective etiology, such as tuberculosis,
or any autoimmune choroiditis, such as ampiginous choroiditis
or acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy
(APMPPE). Diffuse choroiditis may be correlated to panuveitis,
such as Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome or sympathetic
ophthalmia. Other choroiditis may present as opportunistic
infections in immunocompromised patients. Careful clinical
examinations and tailored investigations would be helpful in
making a prompt diagnosis of these different entities. Due to
varied manifestations, diagnosis of choroiditis is challenging.
This article will review the diagnostic approach of choroiditis
based on clinical presentations, investigations and ancillary tests.
Choroiditis, Central serous retinopathy, Ocular
tuberculosis, Ocular sarcoidosis, Serpiginous choroiditis, Diffuse
How to cite this article:
Sofia O, Sridharan S, Biswas J.
Algorithm of Choroiditis. World J Retina Vitreous 2012;2(2):
Source of support: Nil
Conflict of interest: None