Aim: This study was aimed to investigate the hemocompatibility of zirconia and titanium implant materials after surface treatment with sandblasting and acid etching (SLA).

Materials and methods: Sixty specimens were procured from manufacturers of dimension 10mm × 3mm, thirty of each were prefabricated medical grade titanium (Ti-6Al-4V) and thirty of sintered zirconia. Silicon carbide grit papers of 240 to 1200pm, was used to polish the specimen surface. The surfaces were rinsed with water to remove any remnant particles after polishing. Later ultrasonic cleaning was done for 5 minutes using distilled water. The control specimens included 15 specimens each from titanium (groups A1) and zirconia (groups B1). The remaining 15 specimens (groups A2 and B2) were sandblasted using alumina particles of 150 microns particle size and using 20% hydrochloric acid, acid etching was done for 30 seconds. The specimens were scanned under electron microscope after surface treatment for analysis purpose and evaluated for surface characteristics. Before the exposure of specimens to blood, percentage hemolysis, prothrombin, platelet aggregation and activation, and thrombin time values were calculated. 1 ml of blood was added to each specimen for testing. The values before and after the exposure of specimens to blood were noted. Using a t-test, the values noted were statistically evaluated.

Results: A1 (polished titanium) showed highest mean values after exposure, in platelet count (184.67 ± 1.29), Leucocyte count (7.27 ± 0.08), and Thrombin time (10.15 ± 0.34) while Prothrombin time’s highest mean value after exposure were showed by A2 (SLA treated titanium) with a mean value of 10.04 ± 0.24.

Conclusion: Surface treatment with sandblasting and acid etching (SLA) using 150 microns alumina particles and 20% hydrochloric acid increased the surface roughness of the titanium and zirconia implant materials and polished titanium showed maximum hemocompatibility.

Clinical significance: The implant’s success depends on its biocompatibility and its property of osseointegration. The adverse interaction between blood and the artificial surface is detected by the hemocompatibility test for medical materials, to know if the surface can activate or destruct the blood components. The success of implant placement also depends on the interaction between the blood and the specimen.

Keywords: Acid etching, Hemocompatibility, Sandblasting, titanium, Zirconia.

How to cite this article: Rajan A, Sivarajan S, Vallabhan CG, Nair AS, Jayakumar S, Pillai AS. An In Vitro Study to Evaluate and Compare the Hemocompatibility of Titanium and Zirconia Implant Materials after Sandblasted and Acid Etched (SLA) Surface Treatment. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018;19(12):1449-1455.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None