Aim and objectives: Aim of the study was to evaluate the success of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) as pulpotomy medicament by clinical, radiologic, and histological assessment in primary molars.

Materials and methods: The sample included 30 primary molars from 25 children aged between 3 and 9 years requiring pulpotomy treatment. Pulpotomy was carried out with MNPs. The teeth were evaluated after a period of 3, 6, and 12 months clinically and with the aid of radiographs. After 1 year, 10 teeth were extracted for histological evaluation under field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM; ZEISS, Model No. Supra 55vp).

Results: Of the samples, 98% showed clinical success rate with absence of pain, swelling, mobility, and abscess formation. After 3 months, 98% radiological success with absence of periodontal ligament widening, root resorption, and interradicular radiolucency was noted. Histological examination carried out under FE-SEM revealed a zone of odontoblastic proliferation at the interface between MNPs and odontoblastic layer of pulp and viable pulpal cells from the canal orifice till apical foramen.

Conclusion: Magnetic nanoparticles can be recommended as an effective pulpotomy medicament with hard tissue barrier formation and preservation of vitality of remaining radicular pulp.

Keywords: Magnetic nanoparticles, Pulpotomy, Scanning electron microscope.

How to cite this article: Konyala HR, Mareddy AR, Puppala N, Reddy NV, Mallela MK, Susheela KP. Clinical, Radiological, and Histological Assessment of Magnetic Nanoparticles as Pulpotomy Medicament in Primary Molars. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018;11(4):283-287.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None