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International Journal of Preventive and Clinical Dental Research


Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the degree of dental fear and anxiety experienced by a patient prior to prosthodontic treatment, to establish a comfortable patient-dentist relationship, which would help in framing a better treatment plan, evaluate the major cause of avoidance of dental treatment, and assist the dentist in management of anxious patient.

Materials and methods: This cross-sectional questionnairebased study was conducted among 379 patients to determine the dental fear and anxiety experienced by a patient prior to prosthodontics treatment. Dental fear was assessed with the help of visual analog scale (VAS). Dental anxiety was assessed with the help of modified dental anxiety scale (MDAS). A questionnaire was handed over to the patient to get their personal details and to assess the degree of dental fear and anxiety experienced by patient and the purpose of study was explained to each and every participant.

Results: According to chi-square test, Kruskal-Wallis analysis of variance (ANOVA) test, and Mann-Whitney U test, females are more fearful than males. According to statistical analysis, mean fear among the study participants was 24.27 and anxiety was 10.02. Among the different age groups, mean anxiety was highest in age group 18 to 27, which was 10.36 and lowest in 58+ age group, which was 7.44. According to Mann-Whitney U test, females are more afraid to visit the dental clinic where mean value is 2.18.

Conclusion: Based on the results, it can be concluded that anxiety is higher in females compared with males and according to age, the most anxious age group is young age, i.e., 18 to 27. Females were more prone to cancel their appointment, and also get more fearful and anxious by seeing the instruments.

Clinical significance: It helps in the management of fearful and anxious patient.

Keywords: Anxiety, Assess, Fear, Visual analog scale.

How to cite this article: Mishra SD, Sushma R, Guru RC, Makani R. A Survey to assess the Fear and Anxiety of Patients prior to Prosthodontic Treatment. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2018;5(1):30-36.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

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