Introduction: To investigate the galvanic corrosion of brackets manufactured by four different companies coupled with stainless steel (SS) or nickel.titanium (NiTi) wires in an artificial saliva solution.
Materials and methods: A total of 24 mandibular central incisor Roth brackets of four different manufacturers (American Orthodontics, Dentaurum, Shinye, ORJ) were used in this experimental study. These brackets were immersed in artificial saliva along with SS or NiTi orthodontic wires (0.016'', round) for 28 days. The electric potential difference of each bracket/ wire coupled with a saturated calomel reference electrode was measured via a voltmeter and recorded constantly. Corrosion rate (CR) was calculated, and release of ions was measured with an atomic absorption spectrometer. Stereomicroscope was used to evaluate all samples. Then, samples with corrosion were further assessed by scanning electron microscope and energydispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Two-way analysis of variance was used to analyze data.
Results: Among ions evaluated, release of nickel ions from Shinye brackets was significantly higher than that of other brackets. The mean potential difference was significantly lower in specimens containing a couple of Shinye brackets and SS wire compared with other specimens. No significant difference was observed in the mean CR of various groups (p > 0.05). Microscopic evaluation showed corrosion in two samples only: Shinye bracket coupled with SS wire and American Orthodontics bracket coupled with NiTi wire.
Conclusion: Shinye brackets coupled with SS wire showed more susceptibility to galvanic corrosion. There were no significant differences among specimens in terms of the CR or released ions except the release of Ni ions, which was higher in Shinye brackets.
Keywords: Artificial, Nickel, Orthodontic bracket, Saliva corrosion.
How to cite this article: Tahmasbi S, Sheikh T, Hemmati YB. Ion Release and Galvanic Corrosion of Different Orthodontic Brackets and Wires in Artificial Saliva. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(3):222-227.
Source of support: This study was approved by the Research Council of Shahid Beheshti University School of Dentistry and funded by the Research Deputy of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences.
Conflict of interest: None