Aim and objective: To evaluate the maternal and fetal outcomes in patients with acute pancreatitis.
Materials and methods: It is a retrospective observational study. A total of three patients were admitted with acute pancreatitis complicating pregnancy between January 2013 and June 2015 in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, M. S. Ramaiah Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru, India, and were followed up until after delivery.
Results: Incidence of acute pancreatitis in our study was 1 in 1,620. Mean age was 24 years, and 33.3% were multiparous. Mean gestational age at onset was 33 weeks. One patient (33.3%) in our study had hypertriglyceridemia (870 mg/dL), and 66.7% of patients were idiopathic. The most common complaint was epigastric pain radiating to back. All patients showed leukocytosis and elevated amylase and lipase levels. Ultrasound showed  enlarged pancreas with decreased peripancreatic echogenicity and  pelvic and abdominal cavity effusions, in all the patients. All patients were managed conservatively in the intensive care unit. Mean duration of hospital stay was 7 days; 33.3% patients developed acute respiratory distress syndrome; 33.3% patients went into preterm spontaneous vaginal delivery. Cesarean section rate was 66.7%. Perinatal mortality was 33.3%.
Conclusion: Acute pancreatitis in pregnancy remains a challenging clinical problem to manage. The initial assessment, severity, and the initial management of the patient are of great importance in order to support the function and to prevent maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity.
Clinical significance: Acute pancreatitis either in its mild or its severe form causes maternal and fetal morbidity. However, these rates are declining due to early diagnosis and greater treatment options. Multidisciplinary approach leads to good maternal and fetal outcomes.
Keywords: Acute pancreatitis, Pregnancy, Primary research, Retrospective study, Serum amylase lipase.
How to cite this article: Jyothi GS, Bhoosanoor SR, Swarup A. Acute Pancreatitis in Pregnancy: Maternal and Fetal Outcomes. J South Asian Feder Obst Gynae 2017;9(2):106-109.
Source of support: Nil
Conflict of interest: None
Date of received: 22 December 2016
Date of acceptance: 22 January 2016
Date of publication: March 2017