Objective: To compare the effectiveness of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) and tension-free obturator tape (TOT) in treatment of genuine stress urinary incontinence and study the related complications.
Materials and methods: About 150 cases with complaints of stress urinary incontinence were taken during 5-year period, and they were confirmed urodynamically. Exclusion criteria included patients with diabetes mellitus, neurological disorders, other forms of incontinence, uterovaginal prolapse, urinary tract infection, and pregnancy. Out of 150 cases, 70 underwent TVT procedure and 80 were taken up for TOT. The outcome was studied at the end of 5 years.
Results: The cure rate in the TOT group was 94%, which was slightly higher than the TVT group, which came out to be 90%. The failure rate in the TVT group was 1.1%, but no failure was encountered in the TOT group. However, the improvement rates were similar in each group. Comparing the complications in each group, the rate of bladder perforation and postoperative retention of urine was much higher in the TVT group. Postoperative voiding difficulties were also noticeably less in TOT group compared with TVT group. However, none of the cases in either group had de novo urgency.
Conclusion: Both the procedures are a safe and effective method of curing stress incontinence; however, owing to slightly higher improvement rates and lower complications rate, TOT should be preferred over TVT.
Keywords: Retropubic transvaginal tape, Transobturator tape, Urinary incontinence.
How to cite this article: Bhadana P, Mittal P, Bachani S. Tension-free Vaginal Tape vs Tension-free Obturator Tape for Treatment of Genuine Stress Urinary Incontinence: A 5-year Follow-up. J South Asian Feder Obst Gynae 2017;9(2):95-99.
Source of support: Nil
Conflict of interest: None
Date of received: 11 November 2016
Date of acceptance: 14 January 2017
Date of publication: March 2017