Smoking has long been suspected to adversely affect wound healing. It causes various ill-effects including premalignant lesions and cancers. Tobacco affects postoperative wound healing following surgical and nonsurgical tooth extractions, routine maxillofacial surgeries, implants, and periodontal therapies. Smoking tobacco is also associated with catecholamines release, resulting in vasoconstriction and decreased tissue perfusion. Smoking is believed to suppress the innate and host immune responses, affecting the function of neutrophils, the prime line of defense against infection. Thus, the association between smoking and delayed healing of oral tissues following surgeries is evident.
Keywords: Dental extractions, Dry socket, Healing, Smoking, Tobacco.
How to cite this article: Mufti N, Mufti S. Effect of Smoking on Wound Healing. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2016;3(4):288-290.
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Conflict of interest: None