Background and objective: Children with disabilities appear to have poorer oral health than their nondisabled counterparts. The objectives of this study were to conduct a community-based oral health survey among school children with physical disabilities and to compare the findings with an age- and gender-matched sample from mainstream schools.
Materials and methods: Following World Health Organization (WHO) oral health survey criteria, 103 handicapped children and 214 healthy controls were examined. Comparison of dental caries, malocclusion, and treatment needs were done using chi-square test and Student t-test (p < 0.05).
Results: Both the groups had high dental caries prevalence with less decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) score. Handicapped children had more severe malocclusion then healthy controls.
Conclusion: Increased oral health promotion for parents and caretakers both at primary school age and at the preschool stage to enable them to implement effective preventive regimes for their children. Any health promotion strategy for these children must include improving access to dental care and encouraging uptake of dental services.
Keywords: Dental caries, Gujarat, Malocclusion, Physically disabled children.
How to cite this article: Chaudhary H, Patel K, Nayak H, Gondaliya M, Akhani S. Comparative Study of Dental Caries, Malocclusion, and Treatment Needs among Children with and without Physical Disabilities in Ahmedabad City, Gujarat, India. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2016;3(4):239-242.
Source of support: Nil
Conflict of interest: None