Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) refers to when all four pulmonary veins connect anomalously to the right atrium, directly or indirectly. Perioperative echocardiography, both transthoracic and transesophageal (TEE) with color flow imaging and Doppler interrogation, can identify the venous confluence, its connections, obstructions if any in the pathway, and any interatrial communication. They supplement each other in delineating the anatomy of such anomalous pulmonary venous connections. Perioperative TEE evaluation of patients with repaired TAPVC confirms the adequacy of repair, leaks or stenosis of the venous baffle. We summarize the role of perioperative echocardiography in understanding cases of TAPVC.
Keywords: Perioperative transesophageal echocardiography, Pulmonary veins, Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, Transesophageal echocardiography, Transthoracic echocardiography.
How to cite this article: Kumar A, Dutta V, Puri GD, Barwad P. Perioperative Echocardiographic Features of Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection. J Perioper Echocardiogr 2016;4(2):51-58.
Source of support: Nil
Conflict of interest: None