Introduction: Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and D-lactate have been proposed as markers of intestinal ischemia. The purpose of this prospective observational study is to find whether serum CRP and serum D-lactate can help in predicting strangulation in cases of acute intestinal obstruction.
Materials and methods: A total of 50 consecutive patients were included in the study after excluding patients of comorbid medical illness and patients with findings other than obstruction or strangulation. The serum values of CRP and D-lactate were measured and compared between obstruction with strangulation and obstruction without strangulation. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn and cutoff values for the diagnosis of strangulation were calculated along with calculation of sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive values (PPVs), and negative predictive values (NPVs).
Results: A total of 14 patients who were diagnosed with strangulated bowel obstruction had significantly higher values of serum CRP and D-lactate when compared with 36 patients with simple bowel obstruction (116 vs 40 mg/L and 5.4 vs 2.7 mmol/L respectively, p < 0.05). Using ROC analysis, the area under the curve of serum CRP and D-lactate was found to be 0.785 and 0.775 respectively, for bowel strangulation. Using a cutoff value of 60 mg/L for CRP, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV were 87.5, 58.3, 48.3, 91.3% respectively. Using a cutoff value of 4.5 mmol/L for D-lactate, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV were 75.0, 69.4, 52.7, 86.2% respectively.
Conclusion: Serum CRP and D-lactate can be useful and reasonable markers for predicting strangulation in cases of acute intestinal obstruction in an emergency setting.
Keywords: Celiotomy, C-reactive protein, D-lactate, Intestine, Ischemia, L-lactate, Markers.
How to cite this article: Pal AK, Ansari MM, Islam N. Combination of Serum C-reactive Protein and D-lactate: Predictors of Strangulation in Intestinal Obstruction. Panam J Trauma Crit Care Emerg Surg 2016;5(3):134-139.
Source of support: Nil
Conflict of interest: None