Introduction: Partial edentulism leads to several drawbacks to the subjects, including clinical challenges and lifestyle compromises. Clinically, partial edentulism results in drifting and tilting of adjacent teeth, supra eruption of opposing teeth, altered speech, changes in facial appearance and temporomandibular disorders. Also, the loss and continuing degradation of the alveolar bone, the adjacent teeth, and also the supporting structures will influence the difficulty to achieve an adequate restoration in a partially edentulous patient. So the present study was conducted to assess the sociodemographic factors and partial edentulism.
Materials and methods: Individuals of age 21 to 35 years were involved in the study. Information was collected by using a structured proforma. The pro forma consisted of sociodemographic factors, such as age, gender, socioeconomic status, demographic background, purpose for replacement of teeth. Clinical examinations were conducted in accordance with the procedures and diagnostic criteria recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), 1997. Kuppuswamy scale was used to assess socioeconomic status of the individuals. Chisquare test was used to assess the difference between the variables and p < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.
Results: The present study comprised 378 individuals, out of which 147 (48.1%) males and 159 (51.9%) females were partially edentulous, 30 (73.1%) and 11 (26.9%) were dentulous, and 16 (51.6%) and 15 (48.4%) were edentulous respectively. And there was a statistically significant between the genders. Most of the subjects (46.5%) lost their teeth due to periodontal disease. Majority of the partially edentulous subjects were belonging to upper-middle class (51.7%). Most of the subjects replaced their teeth because of function/esthetic reason.
Conclusion: The present study concluded that prevalence of partial edentulism among study population was high.
Keywords: Kennedy classification, Partial edentulousness, Socioeconomic status, Tooth loss.
How to cite this article: Goutham GB, Shrivastava N, Mathew S, Alani MM, Reba PB, Bulusu A. Sociodemographic Factors and Partial Edentulism: An Exploratory Study. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(4):276-279.
Source of support: Nil
Conflict of interest: None