Introduction: The outcomes of vegetarian diets on the oral health status could be various, but reports have so far mainly been studied for Western populations.
Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of vegetarian and nonvegetarian diets on the occurrence of dental caries in the Dakshina Kannada District population.
Materials and methods: In this study, 172 adult dentate and consenting individuals (79 females, 93 males) were included. Patients were subjected to clinical examination under natural light with the aid of mouth mirror, No. 23 explorer, and cotton rolls. The age of the study group ranged from 20 to 65 years. Demographic, diet, and other habit data were collected through personal interviews using a structured and validated questionnaire. The decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index (WHO modification, 1987) was used to assess caries experience in the study group.
Results: The mean DMFT score of people with nonvegetarian/ mixed diet was 2.99 ± 1.5 and of people with vegetarian diet was 5.4 ± 1.9, which indicated a significant association between the type of diet and the involvement of dental caries in the Dakshina Kannada population (p = 0.001).
Conclusion: This study throws light on the significant relationship of the vegetarian diet and dental caries experience in the population of Sullia Taluk. This information can be used to help counteract the potential increase in the cases of dental caries by designing preventive strategies for the persons at greatest risk.
Keywords: Dental caries, Diet, Humans, India, Vegetarian.
How to cite this article: Lashkari KP, Raghunath R. Assessment of the Influence of Vegetarian and Nonvegetarian Diet on the Occurrence of Dental Caries in Sullia Taluk Population, India. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(4):247-250.
Source of support: Nil
Conflict of interest: None