Objective: To assess the clinical outcomes in ectatic corneas following accelerated transepithelial cross-linking (CXL) over 1 year of follow-up.
Materials and methods: Twenty-one eyes diagnosed with progressive corneal ectasia (19 keratoconus, 2 post-laser in situ keratomileusis ectasias) in 14 patients aged between 26 and 69 years were enrolled. All cases were treated with accelerated transepithelial CXL using the Avedro KXL® system (Waltham, MA, United States). Changes at visual, refractive, corneal topographic, and corneal aberrometric level were evaluated over a 12-month follow-up period. The demarcation was also determined using optical coherence tomography (OCT).
Results: The mean depth of the demarcation line measured by OCT was 202.72 μm, varying between 153 and 230 μm. One month postsurgery, a change was noted at the limit of statistical significance in sphere (p = 0.05) and in spherical equivalent (p = 0.05). Likewise, a statistically significant difference was observed in corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) (p = 0.01). There were no significant changes in either visual acuity or refraction between 1 and 6 months (p ≥ 0.35). Although changes in trend were observed in corneal topographic and aberrometric parameters after surgery, none reached statistical significance (p ≥ 0.08). A significant change was observed only in astigmatism of the posterior surface between 1 and 12 months (p = 0.02).
Conclusion: Accelerated transepithelial CXL may be a useful technique for the management of progressive corneal ectasia, as it is able to maintain the topographic and aberrometric profile of the cornea with no significant changes. Longer-term studies are required to confirm this finding
Keywords: Collagen, Corneal, Ectasia.
How to cite this article: Piñero DP, Artola A, Ruiz-Fortes P, Soto-Negro R, Pérez-Cambrodi RJ. Clinical Outcomes at 1 Year following Corneal Ectasia Treatment with Accelerated Transepithelial Cross-linking. Int J Kerat Ect Cor Dis 2016;5(3):93-98.
Source of support: Nil
Conflict of interest: None