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Clinical Rhinology An International Journal


After the introduction of endoscope in 1960s, there have been several major developments made in the sinonasal surgery. Earlier the principle was to remove the entire sinus mucosa but with the advent of endoscope and functional endoscopic sinus surgery, theory of preserving the normal mucosa and opening the natural pathways to sinuses got popularized. In the past decade, rapid advancement has taken place in the field of endoscopic nasal surgery by extending applications from sinuses to skull base, pituitary, suprasellar lesions, optic nerve, cavernous sinus, clivus, and laterally to infratemporal fossa and petrous apex. This evolution is attributed to better understanding of endoscopic anatomy and new surgical techniques.

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