Until and unless the disease is recognized as a disease entity, a little progress has been made in understanding its etiology and in developing a predictable treatment planning, restoration, and prevention of the tissues. In a process carried out to study a disease entity, whether it be cardiac disease, dental caries, or periodontal disease, it is helpful to study its pathology (the gross and microscopic structural changes of the disease), its pathophysiology (the mechanisms or disordered functions of the disease), its pathogenesis (the life history), and its epidemiology (the worldwide prevalence of the disease and various interrelated factors). The ultimate aim of such researches is the better understanding of the etiology and pathogenesis of the disease, and thereby with such understanding leading to a predictable treatment planning and ultimately the prevention or control of these factors. Osteoporosis is a major health entity affecting the elderly population and thereby resulting in approximately 1.3 million spontaneous fractures in the USA every year. The above clinical condition is a deficiency of bone mass, or skeletal osteopenia, to that level where bone cannot provide adequate mechanical support. Many of the reported studies used inadequate measures of both skeletal and mandibular bone in evaluating their possible relationships. This literature review attempts to determine relationships between the total skeletal bone mass and bone mass of the mandible in the population suffering with osteoporosis.
Keywords: Bone mineral density, Osteoporosis, Residual ridge resorption, Skeletal.
How to cite this article: Pisulkar S, Pisulkar G, Pakhan A, Godbole S, Dahane T. Mandibular Bone Mineral Density to predict Skeletal Osteoporosis: A Literature Review. Int J Recent Surg Med Sci 2016;2(2):96-101.
Source of support: Nil
Conflict of interest: None